Religijne pojmowanie świata jako mentalny model rzeczywistości wynikający z odmiennych stylów poznawczych

Avant, wol. XI, nr 3, doi: 10.26913/avant.2020.03.15
publikowane na licencji CC BY-NC-ND 3.0

Jakub Skałbania orcid-id
Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Katowicach
Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
skalbaniakuba @ gmail.com


Miłosz Gołyszny orcid-id

Zakład Farmakologii Katedry Farmakologii
Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Katowicach
Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
miloszgolyszny @ o2.pl

Publikacja Online First: 29 stycznia 2020   Pełny tekst

Abstrakt: Rozwój takich dziedzin naukowych jak psychologia ewolucyjna, psychologia poznawcza czy kognitywistyka doprowadził do wzrostu zainteresowania współzależnością między funkcjonowaniem mechanizmów percepcji i strategii poznawczych a dynamiczną zdolnością do tworzenia hipotez na temat funkcjonowania świata. Jednym z coraz częściej badanych w tym kontekście fenomenów ludzkiej kultury jest religia i supranaturalistyczny sposób pojmowania rzeczywistości. Liczne badania wskazują, że rozumowanie określane jako religijne może wynikać bezpośrednio z konstrukcji umysłu i jest efektem nadaktywnego działania mechanizmów poznawczych, których funkcja pozostaje całkowicie niezwiązana z religią. Niektórzy autorzy sugerują nawet, że religijny sposób interpretacji zjawisk naturalnych jest efektem funkcjonowania specyficznego stylu poznawczego, który można scharakteryzować. W niniejszym artykule dokonano przeglądu badań z wykorzystaniem zwierząt i ludzi, z wyszczególnieniem etapów rozwoju (okres dziecięcy / okres dorosłości). Dokonano ponadto analizy badań osób, które charakteryzują się zaburzeniami tak zwanej teorii umysłu.

Słowa kluczowe: kognitywistyka; neurobiologia; religia; model rzeczywistości; teoria umysłu


Religious understanding of the world as a mental model of reality resulting from different cognitive styles

Abstract: The development of scientific fields such as evolutionary psychology, cognitive psychology, or cognitive science has led to an increased interest in the relationship between the functioning of cognitive perception mechanisms and strategies, and the dynamic ability to create hypotheses about the functioning of the world. One of the phenomena of human culture increasingly examined in this context is the religious and supranaturalist way of understanding reality. Numerous studies indicate that reasoning defined as religious may result directly from the construction of the mind and is the result of the overactive operation of cognitive mechanisms whose function remains completely unrelated to religion. Some authors even suggest that the religious way of interpreting natural phenomena is the result of the functioning of a specific cognitive style that can be characterized. This article reviews the research focus on animals and people (adolescence period/adults). Moreover, it was analyzed in people with mind theory disorders.

Keywords: cognitive science; neurobiology; religion; model of reality; theory of mind


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Czasopismo „Avant” – zadanie finansowane w ramach umowy 711/P-DUN/2019 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

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